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备考2020年四川学位英语考试模拟题:阅读练习及答案(4)

导语:四川学位英语网小编整理了备考2020年四川学位英语考试的阅读模拟题,大家快来学习吧!更多学位英语学习资料尽在四川学位英语网,敬请关注! Passage 4 The lates…

导语:四川学位英语网小编整理了备考2020年四川学位英语考试的阅读模拟题,大家快来学习吧!更多学位英语学习资料尽在四川学位英语网,敬请关注!

Passage 4

The latest version of the “Love Bug” computer virus failed to cause nearly as much harm as its predecessor because companies remained on alert.

The new virus, dubed “NewLove”, slowly spread across the world over the past two days, infecting thousands of computers.

But the damage caused didn‘t approach that caused by the first version, which infected millions of computers around the world two weeks ago and caused more than $10 billion in damages.

Because awareness was heightened by the Love Bug, network administrators responded much more quickly to NewLove and stymied it before it got out of control.

“In this perspective, Love Bug was a very positive wakeup call,” said Gene Hodges at security company Network Associates Inc, in Santa Clara, Calif.

“NewLove” is similar in form to the Love Bug, but it‘s much more destructive. The virus appears as an attachment to an e-mail whose subject begins with “FW:” If a user clicks on the attachment’s scroll-like icon, every file on their hard drive is destroyed.

“Basically, it‘s going to traxh your machine,” said Eric Chien, chief researcher at Symantec’s antivirus lab in the Netherlands.

The Love Bug only killed a small set of files, including graphics files. The new virus even wipes out the Windows cooperating system.

1. Which of following is not true in relation to “love B”?

A. It is a computer virus.

B. It kills files in a computer.

C. It appears as an attachment to an e-mail whose subject begins with“FW:”。

D. It was more harmfull to the computer world than “NewLove” virus.

答案: C

考点: 该题是一个询问题,考的是对"爱虫"病毒的理解。

解析: 本题提问的是就"爱虫"病毒而言,以下哪一个不正确。从文章的第一句话我们可以得知,最近,计算机病毒"爱虫"的一种新形式带给全球的危害不像先前的"爱虫"那么严重,因为各个公司已经有所提防。全文最后一段告诉我们,"爱虫"病毒只毁坏一小部分文件,包括一些图表文件,但是,"新欢"病毒则会破坏整个计算机系统。由此可见,选项A,B和D都是正确;而选项C是"新欢"所为,并不是"爱虫"所为。这一点明确陈述在第六段的第二句中,所以答案为C。

2. What does the word “stymie”(in the sentence “network administerators responded%and stymied it before it got out of control”) mean?

A. obstruct. B. get rid of . C. switch D. be frightened.

答案: A

考点: 这是一个词汇题,考的是对单词"stymie"的理解。

解析: 本题提问的是"stymie"为何义;该词出现在第四段中。它所在的句子的意思是:由于:"爱虫"提高了人们的警惕,所以,网络管理员这次反应非常快,及时制止了""的蔓延。由此可见,本题的答案应该是A(阻止,制止)。

3. What does the “NewLove” bug basically do?

A. It sends some bugs into your computer.

B. It destroys your computer.

C. It shows tenderness to your computer.

D. It saves the files in your computer.

答案: B

考点: 这是一个细节判断题,考的是"新欢"根本上来说是干什么的。

解析: 本题的答案在原文第七段中直接陈述。在该段中,荷兰Symantec抗病毒实验室主要研究人员Eric Chien说道,"根本上来说,它将毁坏你的机器"。因此,答案是B。

4. “NiwLove” ____.

A. was blocked before it went out of control.

B. destroys Windows operating system.

C. kills files in computers.

D. all the above.

答案: D

考点: 这是一个理解判断题,考的是对单词"新欢"的理解。

解析: 从第四段的最后一句话我们可以得知,因为有了上次"爱虫"的教训网络管理员这次反应非常快,及制止了"新欢"的蔓延。所以选项A是正确的。再从文章的最后一段中来看,我们可以知道,该"新欢"病毒不但毁坏计算机文件,而且会破坏整个计算机操作系统,所以选项B和C也是正确的,由此可见,D为本题的答案。

5. If you are a computer user, you should ____in time of “NewLove”。

A. open your e-mail whose subject begins with whatever letter.

B. keep your computer off all the time.

C. scrutinize e-mail attachments closely.

D. stop surfing the Internet.

答案: C

考点: 该题是一个判断分析题,考的是如果你是一个计算机使用者,在"新欢"发作之际,你将会怎么办。

解析: 本题所给的四个答案分别为:A(打开以任何字母为主题的电子邮件),B(不要打开计算机),C(认真检查电子邮件附件)和D(停止上网)。从文章第六段的第二句我们可以得知,"新欢"病毒以电子邮件附件的形式出现,且邮件的主题是以"FM"的邮件,我们的计算机就不会染上病毒。所以,本题的答案应该是:C,另外A,B,D都没有必要,也是不可行的,所以,都不能入选。

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作者: emeshwork

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